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外资液压机企业将对整个行业实现垄断

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  有媒体人士分析,在目前已有的一些外资收买我国液压机企业的案例中,跨国公司正在以廉价的价格将我国骨干液压机企业的优质财物、独有品牌、核心技术和制作才能,归入合资企业,经过操控企业经营权,逐渐迫使中方退出,终究达到消除潜在竞争对手、垄断我国市场、压制我国技术进步的目的。而且这样的状况已不是个案。在承受媒体采访时表示,近年来约70%的外资并购为战略性液压机工业并购,即全球布点性质的长期出资,这类并购的直接结果就是使中方失掉对职业液压机龙头企业的操控权,进而导致外资企业将对整个职业完结垄断。


  状况好像相当严重,2016年6月,商务部发布了《我国工业外资操控陈述》,明示了数年来吸引外资投入我国的成效和利弊。

The situation seems quite serious. In June 2016, the Ministry of Commerce issued the statement of China's industrial foreign capital manipulation, which indicates the effectiveness and advantages and disadvantages of attracting foreign investment in China in recent years.

  事实上,本年1月份时已有高层对此局势表达了忧虑。早在本年“两会”期间,国家统计局前局长李德水就提示说,要慎重对待垄断性跨国并购,避免呈现财富发明出来后,其所有权和支配权却不彻底属于当地政府和公民。

In fact, there was a high level of concern over the situation in January this year. As early as this year's "two sessions", Li Deshui, the former director of the National Bureau of statistics, suggested that we should be cautious about monopoly transnational mergers and acquisitions, and avoid the emergence of wealth and invention, and its ownership and control rights do not belong to local governments and citizens.

  此后,商务部研讨院外资研讨部人士也表达了“外资办理方针过于抽象、出台细则十分火急”的主意。他以为,拟定受限制的职业目录,或许设立联席会议对严重并购行为加一道审批程序,都是可行的办理方式。

Since then, Research Institute of the Ministry of commerce foreign research department also expressed "for foreign policy is too abstract and the introduction of rules is very urgent" idea. He thought it would be a feasible way to set up a restricted career directory and perhaps set up a joint meeting to add an approval process to serious mergers and acquisitions.

  因而在随后的数月中,曾有媒体报道,有关部门方案在配备制作业的出资新规中,清晰列出一份包含二三十家要点企业的“赤色名单”,要求对这些企业坚持国有资本操控力,徐工集团、厦工集团、沈阳变压器厂等位列其间。同时,方案列出一份20~40户的企业名单,以国务院文件方式点名保护,制止这些企业被外资控股。不过,考虑到保护对外开放的形象等原因,在终究完结的规则中,并没有直接列出名单。

So in the next few months, there have been media reports, the relevant departments in the manufacturing industry investment plan with the new regulations, a clear list contains twenty or thirty key enterprises "Red List", the requirements of these enterprises adhere to the state-owned capital control, Xugong Group, Xiagong group, ranked in Shenyang transformer factory. At the same time, the plan lists an enterprise list of 20~40 households, which will be protected by the State Council documents and prevent these enterprises from being held by foreign capital. However, considering the protection of the image of opening to the outside world, the list is not listed directly in the final rules.

  一切在之后出台的《国务院关于复兴配备制作业的若干定见》中真相大白。对于争辩激烈的外资并购,“定见”的出台比朴实品德层面的争辩更具建设性。《定见》清晰了加速复兴配备制作业的方针:到2010年,开展一批有较强竞争力的大型配备制作企业集团,增强具有自主知识产权严重技术配备的制作才能,根本满意动力、交通、原材料等领域及国防建设的需求。配套此“定见”,财务部将会同国家发改委等有关部门,组织有关企业、职业协会着手研讨有关财税鼓励方针的执行。

  令人欣慰的是,定见第一条就是:以结构调整为主线,优化配备制作业产品和工业结构,构成一批特征明显、要点杰出的工业集群和配备制作集中地。因而,液压机业内部整合加速或可期待。

It is gratifying to note that the first point of view is to optimize production and industrial structure with structural adjustment as the main line, and form a group of industrial clusters with obvious characteristics and outstanding points. As a result, the integration of the manufacturing industry is accelerated or expected.

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